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Damghan is one of the most ancient cities of Iran which dates back to Parthian Empire, however, archaeologists are of the opinion that Damghan is one of the oldest cities on the Iranian plateau, stretching back 7000 years, and boasts many sites of historic interest. The name Damghan comes from “Deh” and “Moghan”. “Deh” means village and “Moghan” means Magi which has been given by Zoroastrians such as King Cyrus and Darius from Persian Empire.

Historiographers ascribe the construction of Damghan to Hooshang, Keyumars as the great grandson and the founder of the legendary Pishdadi dynasty. It was quite interesting that the historical of town was Qumis that is still existed at place where it was lying down in ancient days, stretching from city of Sabzevar to Garmsar.

Among the most historical spots and archaeological sites we can highly discuss about Tappeh Hessar that has been translated into Hessar Hills, lying to the southeast of the city, which holds the ruins of a castle dating from the Parthians and Sassanid.

Although there are several mosques that all date back to early Islam, the Tarikhaneh is known as the oldest mosque of Iran which has been built in ancient days of Persia as a fire temple and had been converted to a mosque after the advent of Islam. There are also many other historical buildings belonging to Seljuks and other periods in Damaghan that are interesting to visit.

Unfortunately in 856 AD Damghan was half destroyed by an earthquake andt nothing that much left from that great ancient city, however, people were quite satisfied to call this as “100 gated city” and it never got back to its golden age.

In Islamic Periods locals of this city were struggling to raise the culture back to its ancient history and named the city back to Qumis to get people motivated but didn’t look enough and in 1723 AD all Qumis was ruined by Afghans and lost all its values and history.

Apart from its historical interest, the city itself today is mainly known for premium quality of pistachios and paper almond that has been translated into Kaghazi which means very thin shells.

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