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There is no doubt that one of the most impressive historical sites of Susa, is Haft Tepe (7-mounds) that is an archaeological site situated in south-western.
Haft Tape still is a open-air archaeological site for those who are looking for havng information about Elamite Civilization. Because at this site the remains of the Elamite city of Kabnak were discovered in 1908, and excavations are still carried out.
According to history, the name of ancient city was Kabnak that has been mention on several tablets as political center of Elamite heritage especially during the reign of the Elamite king Tepti-Ahar.
He supposed to be the last king of the Kidinuid dynasty ruling in the 15th century BCE. Archaeologists are of the opinion that he might also have been buried in the city, however, there is not a certain document. In another way some archaeologists strongly believe the political capital was moved back to old Sus, however, they are certain about this whether this city had already held power or not.
In regards with importance of this site, we must consider it from 2 different perspectives:
- For many years, it has been an exciting discussion in order to find out the original temple of Elamite monarch and suddenly, early excavations at Haft Tepe revealed a large temple founded by Tepti-Ahar where the god Kirwashir was worshiped.
It’s been amazingly constructed because beneath the temple lay a subterranean funerary complex intended for the king and his family. Skeletal remains were found in the tomb, though it is not certain they belong to royalty.
- Another large structure found at the site was perhaps the foundations of a ziggurat, along with courtyards and suites of rooms. The temple complex was decorated with bronze plates and wall paintings.
Excavation at this site revealed the administrative texts belonging to the reigns of Tepti-Ahar and Inshushinak-zunkir-nappipir. However, some more clay and tablets were found over the last 5 years, but still archaeologists are not certain which one belongs to whom.
It’s always interesting to know how big this city was or even the number of inhabitants. From archaeological point of view, this site is around 1.5 km by 800 meters contains made up of 14 mounds with the highest being 17 meters high.
The earliest legal discover was about 1908 by one of the French archaeologists Mr. De Morgan and his team. Afterwards in 1965 Iranian team of archaeologists under authority of Tehran university, started excavating in this region.