🕒 4 minute read
The Jameh Mosque of Naein is the 3rd oldest mosque of Iran which dates back to early Omavid dynasty and had been built by Omar Ibne Abdol Aziz in 99-101A.H. Apparently this mosque might look very plane from outside or even when anyone is coming through its facade looks very simple but in terms of architecture and history is one of the richest holy places of Iran, however, it has been ruined and damaged several times in history but some of local merchants back in 17th century were struggling to preserve this monument.
Here we would like to inform you briefly how to visit this mosque to get acquainted with its typical architecture and decorations. There are several gates to enter to mosque but the most famous of is western gate of building which is considered as the oldest gate of the mosque. The first area of mosque is a Hashty that has been used as a meeting spot before praying. Or even it is called lobby of the mosque place where people were not able to admire directly inside of the mosque.
There are 2 corridors that lead visitors toward summer hall and winter hall that are both columned by 24 pillars. In either of these halls all pillars are well decorated by stucco and paintings and each has its own particular pattern, however, some of them had been ruined by earth quake back in 16th century and in 20th century were renovated by concrete.
Let’s have a look at Mehrab, the sacred place where a priest or Mullah pray which is very well decorated by Stucco and painting and this is considered the oldest spot of the mosque because of having few scripts that are written in Nasta’liq which is one of the well-known calligraphies along Islamic countries. There are two Surah of Qoran have been written in this spot that are from Naml & Tobeh.
Even though another calligraphy has been written down on niche where a priest could sit up and had his own speech for followers. This calligraphy is also written in Nasta’liq and dates back to 14th century.
According to history book of “Mer’ato Baladan” which has been written by 8th Caliph of Omavid all columns of southern hall were signed as the earliest pillars of the mosque, however, there were several changes and none of those signs are existed any longer. There were several discussions about the history of the mosque and some of foreign archaeologists was of the opinion that this mosque dates back to Abbasid as he compared type of decorations in both Omavid & Abbasid.
Total construction of mosque has not been changes and it contains all required spaces such as courtyard, seasonal praying rooms, several entry as well as a tall minaret. It is well noted that minaret of mosque had been built separately and was out of the mosque till 17th century that Safavid rulers expanded the spaces of mosque and this has become a part of mosque, however, till then this minaret was called a Shaking minaret because of having a wooden construction on top of it but in Safavid the whole structure was replaced by bricks in order to preserve the safety of Mo’azen.
There are several stories about the person who order to build this niche, many people are of the opinion that it has been built by order of Malek al Tojjar Jamal al din Hosein Ibne Omar ibne Afif and some believe this has been built by order of Haj Mir Jama Al Din Ahmed who was local priest of the mosque but it is well noted that the artist of this niche is Mohamad Shah Iben Naqash-e Kermani as his name is written down on this niche.
Across this hall is newest part of the mosque which has been built by Mongolian dynasty of Ilkhanid back in 14th century. it includes an extraordinary Iwan and stairs as well as fabulous domed hall which is located aside the mosque in eastern face.
Another spot of this mosque is Payab place where all prayers were able to wash hands and feet before praying by going to basement of the mosque. Apart from this there is a underground hall as well as upstairs which can be used during hot days of summer.
As travel consultants we would highly recommend to take a day trip of toward Naein and visit this marvelous mosque because of its wonderful stucco work aside from different pattern of brick works. Or even there is a possibility of visiting this mosque while you drive from Esfahan to Yazd in long term tour as this is known as the 3rd oldest mosque of Iran.